AWS Services Overview

Features of AWS

  • Flexibility
    • Support wide range programming models, languages, and operating systems.
    • Support different RDS, NoSQL database, Cache servers
    • Support Serverless and Container based models
  • Cost-effective
    • AWS provides no
      • upfront investment
      • long-term commitment
      • or minimum spend.
    • You can scale up or scale down as the demand for resources increases or decreases
  • Simple and Per hour billing
    • Per Hour billing
    • Billing Dashboard in AWS is very simple
  • Scalable and elastic
  • Secure
    • provides customers with end-to-end security and end-to-end privacy
    • AWS incorporates the security into its services
    • AWS maintains confidentiality, integrity, and availability of your data which is the utmost importance of the aws
  • Experienced
    • Amazon has become a global web platform that serves millions of customers, and AWS has been evolved since 2006, serving hundreds of thousands of customers worldwide.
  • Stability and Trusted Vendor

Regions and Availability Zones

  • Regions
    • Physical location around the world where Amazon cluster data centers
    • Each AWS Region consists of multiple, isolated, and physically separate AZ’s within a geographic area
    • Each AZ has independent power, cooling, and physical security and is connected via redundant, ultra-low-latency networks.
    • AWS infrastructure Regions meet the highest levels of security, compliance, and data protection.
    • 25 Launched Regions
    • 5 Announced Regions
  • Availability Zones
    • An Availability Zone (AZ) is one or more discrete data centers with redundant power, networking, and connectivity in an AWS Region.
    • All AZs in an AWS Region are interconnected with high-bandwidth, low-latency networking, dedicated metro fiber providing high-throughput, low-latency networking between AZs.

Accessing the AWS Platform

  • To access AWS Cloud services
    • AWS Management Console
    • AWS Command Line Interface (CLI)
    • AWS Software Development Kits (SDKs).
  • The AWS Management Console is a web application for managing AWS Cloud services. Access using the we browser.
  • The AWS Command Line Interface (CLI) is a unified tool used to manage AWS Cloud services. With just one tool to download and configure, you can control multiple services from the command line and automate them through scripts.
  • The AWS Software Development Kits (SDKs) provide an application programming interface. The SDKs provide support for many different programming languages

AWS Services overview

Amazon Web Services offers a broad set of global cloud-based products. Some of services are based on:-

  • Compute and Networking Services
  • Storage and Content Delivery
  • Database Services
  • Management & Governance
  • Security, Identity & Compliance
  • Application and Container Services

Compute and Networking Services

  • Elastic Load Balancing
    • Automatically distributes incoming application traffic across multiple Amazon
    • EC2 instances in the cloud.
  • Auto Scaling
    • Auto Scaling allows organizations to scale Amazon EC2 capacity up or down automatically according to conditions defined for the particular workload
  • AWS Lambda
    • It is a zero-administration compute platform for back-end web developers that runs your code for you on the AWS Cloud.
    • AWS Lambda runs your back-end code on its own AWS compute fleet of Amazon EC2 instances across multiple Availability Zones in a region, which provides the high availability, security, performance, and scalability of the AWS infrastructure.
  • AWS Elastic Beanstalk
    • It is the fastest and simplest way to get a web application up and running on AWS.
    • Developers can simply upload their application code, and the service automatically handles all the details, such as resource provisioning, load balancing, Auto Scaling, and monitoring.
  • AWS Direct Connect
    • It allows organizations to establish a dedicated network connection from their data center to AWS.
  • Amazon Route 53
    • It is a highly available and scalable Domain Name System (DNS) web service.

Storage and Content Delivery

AWS provides a variety of services to meet your storage needs, such as Amazon Simple Storage Service, Amazon CloudFront, Amazon Elastic Block Store, EFS, S3 Glacier, Storage Gateway.

  • Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3)
    • It provides developers and IT teams with highly durable and scalable object storage that handles virtually unlimited amounts of data and large numbers of concurrent users.
    • Amazon S3 provides cost effective object storage for a wide variety of use cases, including backup and recovery, big data analytics, disaster recovery and content distribution.
  • Amazon Glacier
    • It is a secure, durable, and extremely low-cost storage service for data archiving and long term backup.
    • To keep costs low for customers, Amazon Glacier is optimized for infrequently accessed data where a retrieval time of several hours is suitable.
  • Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS)
    • It provides persistent block-level storage volumes for use with Amazon EC2 instances.
    • Each Amazon EBS volume is automatically replicated within its Availability Zone to protect organizations from component failure, offering high availability and durability.
  • AWS Storage Gateway
    • It is a service connecting an on-premises software appliance with cloud-based storage to provide seamless and secure integration between an organization’s on-premises IT environment and the AWS storage infrastructure.
    • The service supports industry-standard storage protocols that work with existing applications.
  • Amazon CloudFront
    • It is a content delivery web service.
    • Integrates with other AWS Cloud services to give an easy way to distribute content to users across the world with low latency, high data transfer speeds, and no minimum usage commitments.
  • Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS)
    • It provides a simple, serverless, elastic file system that lets you share file data without provisioning or managing storage.
    • It can be used with AWS Cloud services and on-premises resources, and is built to scale on demand to petabytes without disrupting applications.

Database Services

AWS provides fully managed relational and NoSQL database services, and in-memory caching as a service and a petabyte-scale data warehouse solution.

  • Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS)
    • It provides a fully managed relational database with support for many popular open source and commercial database engines. It’s a cost-efficient service that
    • allows organizations to launch secure, highly available, fault-tolerant, production-ready databases in minutes.
  • Amazon DynamoDB
    • It is a fast and flexible NoSQL database service for all applications that need consistent, single-digit millisecond latency at any scale.
    • It is a fully managed database and supports both document and key/value data models.
    • Its flexible data model and reliable performance make it a great fit for mobile, web, gaming, ad-tech, Internet of Things, and many other applications.
  • Amazon Redshift
    • It is a fast, fully managed, petabyte-scale data warehouse service that makes it simple and cost effective to analyze structured data.
    • Amazon Redshift provides a standard SQL interface that lets organizations use existing business intelligence tools.
  • Amazon ElastiCache
    • It is a web service that simplifies deployment, operation, and scaling of an in-memory cache in the cloud.
    • The service improves the performance of web applications by allowing organizations to retrieve information from fast, managed, in-memory caches

Management & Governance

  • Amazon CloudWatch
    • It is a monitoring service for AWS Cloud resources and the applications running on AWS.
    • It allows organizations to collect and track metrics, collect and monitor log files, and set alarms.
  • AWS CloudFormation
    • It gives developers and systems administrators an effective way to create and
    • manage a collection of related AWS resources, provisioning and updating them in an orderly and predictable fashion.
    • AWS CloudFormation defines a JSON-based or YML based templating language that can be used to describe all the AWS resources that are necessary for a workload.
  • AWS CloudTrail
    • It is a web service that records AWS API calls for an account and delivers log files for audit and review.
    • The recorded information includes the identity of the API caller, the time of the API call, the source IP address of the API caller, the request parameters, and the response elements returned by the service.
  • AWS Config
    • It is a fully managed service that provides organizations with an AWS resource inventory, configuration history, and configuration change notifications to enable security and governance.
  • AWS OpsWorks
    • It is a configuration management service that provides managed instances of Chef and Puppet. Chef and Puppet are automation platforms that allow you to use code to automate the configurations of your servers
  • AWS Systems Manager
    • It gives you visibility and control of your infrastructure on AWS. Systems Manager provides a unified user interface so you can view operational data from multiple AWS services and allows you to automate operational tasks across your AWS resources.
  • AWS Trusted Advisor
    • It is an online tool that provides you real time guidance to help you provision your resources following AWS best practices.
    • Trusted Advisor checks help optimize your AWS infrastructure, improve security and performance, reduce your overall costs, and monitor service limits.

Security, Identity & Compliance

AWS provides security and identity services that help organizations secure their data and systems on the cloud.

  • AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)
    • It enables organizations to securely control access to AWS Cloud services and resources for their users.
    • Using IAM, organizations can create and manage AWS users and groups and use permissions to allow and deny their access to AWS resources.
  • AWS Key Management Service (KMS)
    • It is a managed service that makes it easy for organizations to create and control the encryption keys used to encrypt their data and uses Hardware Security Modules (HSMs) to protect the security of your keys.
    • AWS KMS is integrated with several other AWS Cloud services to help protect data stored with these services.
  • AWS Directory Service
    • It allows organizations to set up and run Microsoft Active Directory on the AWS
    • Cloud or connect their AWS resources with an existing on-premises Microsoft Active Directory.
    • Organizations can use it to manage users and groups, provide single sign-on to applications and services, create and apply Group Policies, domain join Amazon EC2 instances, and simplify the deployment and management of cloud-based Linux and Microsoft Windows workloads.
  • AWS Certificate Manager
    • It is a service that lets organizations easily provision, manage, and deploy SSL/TLS certificates for use with AWS Cloud services.
    • With AWS Certificate Manager, organizations can quickly request a certificate, deploy it on AWS resources such as Elastic Load Balancing or Amazon CloudFront distributions, and let AWS Certificate Manager handle certificate renewals.
  • AWS Web Application Firewall (WAF)
    • It helps protect web applications from common attacks and exploits that could affect application availability, compromise security, or consume excessive resources.
    • AWS WAF gives organizations control over which traffic to allow or block to their web applications by defining customizable web security rules.
  • AWS Shield
    • It is a managed Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) protection service that safeguards applications running on AWS.
    • AWS Shield provides always-on detection and automatic inline mitigations that minimize application downtime and latency, so there is no need to engage AWS Support to benefit from DDoS protection.

Application and Container Services

  • Amazon API Gateway
    • It is a fully managed service that makes it easy for developers to create, publish, maintain, monitor, and secure APIs at any scale.
    • Organizations can create an API that acts as a “front door” for applications to access data, business logic, or functionality from back-end services.
  • Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS)
    • It is a web service that coordinates and manages the delivery or sending of messages to recipients.
    • In Amazon SNS, there are two types of clients. publishers and subscribers—also referred to as producers and consumers.
  • Amazon Simple Email Service (Amazon SES)
    • It is a cost-effective email service that organizations can use to send transactional email, marketing messages, or any other type of content to their customers.
    • Amazon SES can also be used to receive messages and deliver them to an Amazon S3 bucket, call custom code via an AWS Lambda function, or publish notifications to Amazon SNS.
  • Amazon Simple Workflow Service (Amazon SWF)
    • It helps developers build, run, and scale background jobs that have parallel or sequential steps.
    • Amazon SWF can be thought of as a fully managed state tracker and task coordinator on the cloud.
  • Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS)
    • It is a fast, reliable, scalable, fully managed message queuing service. Amazon SQS makes it simple and cost effective to decouple the components of a cloud application.
  • Elastic Container Registry
    • It is a fully managed container registry that makes it easy to store, manage, share, and deploy your container images and artifacts anywhere
  • Elastic Container Service
    • It is a fully managed container orchestration service.
  • Elastic Kubernetes Service
    • It gives you the flexibility to start, run, and scale Kubernetes applications in the AWS cloud or on-premises.
    • Amazon EKS helps you provide highly-available and secure clusters and automates key tasks such as patching, node provisioning, and updates.
AWS Services Overview

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